Exodus 16 – The Heavenly Bread and the Test of Obedience

God is desires our loyalty but He will never force us to give to Him. If we decide to follow Him He will always provide what we need. Like the Israelites were called from Egypt we are called from Spiritual Egypt. As soon as we decide to be God’s people we are called Spiritual Israelites (Gal 6:16). Just like they were provided Manna in the wilderness God will provide for us what we need. Let’s look at this story and see what we can learn to do and not to do. 🙂

The Lord Provides Manna

16 Then they set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the sons of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departure from the land of Egypt. 2 The whole congregation of the sons of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. 3 The sons of Israel said to them, “Would that we had died by the Lord’s hand in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the pots of [a]meat, when we ate bread to the full; for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.”

4 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My [b]instruction. 5 On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.” 6 So Moses and Aaron said to all the sons of Israel, “At evening [c]you will know that the Lord has brought you out of the land of Egypt; 7 and in the morning [d]you will see the glory of the Lord, for He hears your grumblings against the Lord; and what are we, that you grumble against us?”
The Lord Provides Meat

8 Moses said, “This will happen when the Lord gives you [e]meat to eat in the evening, and bread to the full in the morning; for the Lord hears your grumblings which you grumble against Him. And what are we? Your grumblings are not against us but against the Lord.”

9 Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say to all the congregation of the sons of Israel, ‘Come near before the Lord, for He has heard your grumblings.’” 10 It came about as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the sons of Israel, that they [f]looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud. 11 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 12 “I have heard the grumblings of the sons of Israel; speak to them, saying, ‘[g]At twilight you shall eat [h]meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’”

13 So it came about at evening that the quails came up and covered the camp, and in the morning there was a layer of dew around the camp. 14 When the layer of dew [i]evaporated, behold, on the [j]surface of the wilderness there was a fine flake-like thing, fine as the frost on the ground. 15 When the sons of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “[k]What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “It is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat. 16 This is [l]what the Lord has commanded, ‘Gather of it every man [m]as much as he should eat; you shall take [n]an omer apiece according to the number of persons each of you has in his tent.’” 17 The sons of Israel did so, and some gathered much and some little. 18 When they measured it with an omer, he who had gathered much had no excess, and he who had gathered little had no lack; every man gathered [o]as much as he should eat. 19 Moses said to them, “Let no man leave any of it until morning.” 20 But they did not listen to Moses, and some left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and became foul; and Moses was angry with them. 21 They gathered it morning by morning, every man [p]as much as he should eat; but when the sun grew hot, it would melt.
The Sabbath Observed

22 Now on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, 23 then he said to them, “This is what the Lord [q]meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over [r]put aside to be kept until morning.” 24 So they [s]put it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not become foul nor was there any worm in it. 25 Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be [t]none.”

27 It came about on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. 28 Then the Lord said to Moses, “How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My [u]instructions? 29 See, [v]the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.” 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

31 The house of Israel named it [w]manna, and it was like coriander seed, white, and its taste was like wafers with honey. 32 Then Moses said, “This is [x]what the Lord has commanded, ‘Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’” 33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put an omerful of manna in it, and place it before the Lord to be kept throughout your generations.” 34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 The sons of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate the manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan. 36 (Now an omer is a tenth of an [y]ephah.)

What we should not do is complain like they did. But it happens all the time when we do not see what is going on. Did they forget all the miracles that God did for them? Would God be able to give them food and water or whatever they needed? No matter what goes on in my life if I complain I know that it will only make thing worse. Not only that but they complained to the wrong persons. Moses and Aaron understood that they were not complaining about them but God. Has someone ever complained to you about someone else? Yeah, like go tell them, right? It is unfortunate that sometimes even as God leads His people they do not trust or depend on God. Poor Israelites, lets learn this lesson lest we also follow in their footsteps.

But thanks be to God that His all-merciful and long-suffering. This experience of the Jews was to test them on the way to the Promise Land. Are you on your way to the Promise Land? God wants a people that will trust Him and obey His law. Manna is the master plan. Verse 4, It says that God is going to proved them if the will walk in His law. He will rain Manna everyday but on the Sixth day twice as much. Verses 16-22, they are given instruction to gather the food in the morning before it gets hotter because it will melt away and to gather enough for everyone in the family. But there were some that gather to much and some that gather to little. But the interesting things those who were greedy did not have enough but those that were not had enough. Wow what lesson is in that? Also those who were lazy tried to keep it over night so they didn’t have to get up in the morning, but it spoiled. Didn’t God say that they have to pick every day except the Seventh Day. One thing I like about this is that I can apply it to prayer. We should pray every morning, we should not neglect it because the later in the day the more trouble we will have. We should pray for our daily bread not more or less.

There’s a general rule in Bible study known as the law of first mention. The first time the Bible mentions a phrase or concept, it often sets the stage for understanding that phrase or concept throughout the rest of the Bible. For example, the first mention of a lamb occurs when Isaac asks his father, “but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?”7 That story provides a powerful picture of Christ’s sacrifice: a ram is taken from the thorny thicket and takes Isaac’s place. It alerts the reader to the significance of lambs throughout the rest of the Bible, and interestingly, the first mention of a lamb in the New Testament gives us the ultimate answer to Isaac’s question: “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” Adventist Review June 16, 2011

In Exodus 16:23 this is the first time the word Sabbath is mentioned in the Bible. The Israelites were supposed to keep it Holy. The seventh day was a special day in that they could rest that they and there food would not spoil. Also that they had to prepare for it. Also, the Sabbath was already in place before God gave the 10 Commandments in Ex 20. In fact the fourth commandment echos verse 26. What I find most interesting is that when the Sabbath is first mention to is a test to God’s people and is it possible that the Sabbath is going to a be a test for God’s people in the last days?

The Manna foreshadowed Jesus in that He would come down from Heaven to give Himself for this World. John 6:57

Dnieper Vegavillalobos

So in this chapter I saw the the Law and Mercy.

Scripture taken from the NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE®, Copyright © 1960,1962,1963,1968,1971,1972,1973,1975,1977,1995 by The Lockman Foundation. Used by permission.


2 thoughts on “Exodus 16 – The Heavenly Bread and the Test of Obedience

  1. Pingback: DO YOU PRAY TO GOD EACH DAY? « Pukirahe's Blog

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